This book provides a detailed and comprehensive introduction to situational analysis of qualitative data. Adele E Clarke personally created the situational. Adele E. Clarke – University of California – San Francisco, USA; Carrie Friese – London The Second Edition of Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory After the . UPCOMING SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS WORKSHOP WELCOME to Adele Clarke’s website established to support my book, Situational.

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To take the above mentioned example of CLARKE’s student, whose research project Figure 5 describes, this map helps to contextualise the nurses and define which social worlds cluster around the hospital arena—all on behalf of the patients.

I will conclude with a short discussion on epistemological problems that might occur in the method and—eventually—the main advantages that I see when applying situational analysis 1 in research. It isn’t necessary” p.

Studies in Symbolic Interaction1 This review essay argues that even though there remain some uncertainties in engaging in this epistemological hybrid, situational analysis provides a very good instrument for researchers to come into their material more deeply and, therefore, is a convincing clarje for practice-oriented social science working with qualitative methods. The discovery of grounded theory. This also enables interpretation of data more easily or precipitates stumbling across ethnographic sequences that seem strange in comparison to the anticipated analysid of the social world.

Both seek to create a kind of grounded theory that avoids these “positivist underpinnings to form a revised, more open-ended practice of grounded theory that stresses its mergent, constructivist elements” p. Moreover, through comparisons, theoretical sampling, memos and other techniques, research processes have facilitated more transparency and, therefore, less arbitrariness. It first looks at what elements exist and then analyses how these can be brought in relation to each other.

The map should feature two axes; the description of extremes at each end of these axes defines the scope of the space in which positions can be articulated.

Grounded theory, CLARKE’s starting point, is stuck in a modernist world-view, particularly by looking too much for a pure and oversimplified “basic social process”. By drawing on actor-network theory and its basic assumption that semiotics and materiality must be analysed symmetrically, and both human actors and non-human actants have agency, she suggests using “the situation as the locus of analysis and explicitly includ[e] all analytically pertinent nonhuman including technical elements along with the human in situational maps” sithational.


Figure 2 and claeke are examples from her research. Even though the presentation of CLARKE’s three suggested maps was certainly rudimentary, I hope to have made clear what the essential intention of her project is: Who and what matters in this situation?

This, again, is retraceable to the pragmatists’ assumption that the way things are done by groups enables us to make claims on collective ways of thinking. With this category, he challenged the established group metaphors of sociology at that time as it did not exclusively grasp social classes or institutions, but collective action.

“Research/Therapy: A Review of Adele Clarke’s Situational Analysis: Gro” by Daniel P. Wulff

Science, technology and socialist feminism in the late twentieth century. Situational Analysis presents an iteration of Grounded Theory that incorporates the construction of a series of illustrative maps, conceptualizes a situation as inclusive of what usually has been considered context, and explicitly and systematically includes missing or otherwise silenced data.

While I appreciate that CLARKE is, at least to my knowledge, the first person to deliver a method of how one could engage in analysing the quality of relationships, I am analjsis whether she promises too much when giving this result.

This also means that the standard techniques of grounded theory should be applied to her suggested method. Here again, a situation is a confined event where categories, individuals, things, etc. What is made invisible when we do not map them in?

Situational Analysis

If, say, McDonalds was an element in your situation of inquiry, there might be different symbolic meanings clustering around it e. The latter, however, as this map clearly represents, are not organised in one group, but are atomised—i. What is my point?


To take her example of “emotion work” in a neoliberal health-care system: Aalysis becomes clear, then, is that individuals have multiple identities which are all inhabited in one person at the same time, albeit in varying degrees. WulffThe University of Calgary Follow. This is not to say that these maps should remain like this; rather, maps should be done in each phase of the study in order ajalysis achieve some theoretical sensitivity over time and make the research process more transparent.

Her suggestion is to construct a model on the nature of the field by using grounded theory in order to later deconstruct it—or at least incorporate heterogeneities, complexities, contradictions, etc. In order to avoid essentialist reasoning, e. With situational analysis, Adele CLARKE delivers both a methodology and a method that would push clrake theory around the postmodern turn. The production of this dirty and messy map is more or less a brainstorming exercise: These chapters clarify in more detail anslysis described epistemological roots and the approaches which need anaoysis be incorporated in order to constitute a new, broader kind of discourse analysis.

More importantly, this kind of situational analysis would also fit with what interactionist thinkers and HARAWAY seem to have meant when they emphasise the importance of considering the situation. These meanings and the actors who produce them should be “mapped in” as they may provide a key to the nature of the field.

Hence, even though problems might occur in grasping “partial connections” in relational analysing, it is, indeed, a method that enables the researcher to analyse relationally without becoming eclectic or, to express it positively, by considering the empirical data. Sltuational goal of situational maps is to define ontologically different types of elements, both human individuals and collectives and non-human objects, discourses, etc.