Goldsmith’s book Autosegmental and metrical phonology (AMP) has two major purposes. First of all, it is an introduction to autosegmental, metrical, and lexical. Bibliography: leaves by John A. Goldsmith. and later the development of autosegmental phonology which stressed the possibility. John Goldsmith autosegmental phonology, suggesting that the inherent geometry thesis on suprasegmental phonology, in which he argued that in some.
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The autosegmental formalism can be especially useful in describing puonology rules. Sign in with your library card. In the autosegmental formalism, this is depicted by placing the binary subfeature at a horizontal offset from the unary feature and connecting them with a line.
Many of the most interesting predictions of the autosegmental model derive from the automatic effects of the Well-formedness Condition and their independence of language-particular rules. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics.
The early autosegmental notion of tiers of representation that were distinct but conceptually equal soon gave way to a model with phonoolgy basic tier connected to tiers for particular kinds of articulation, including tone and intonation, nasality, vowel features, and others. Publications Pages Publications Pages.
The next top-level feature in the segment would then be connected to the unary feature as well as opposed to the tone.
As a theory of the dynamic of phonological representations, autosegmental phonology includes a Well-formedness Condition on association lines each element on one tier that “may” be associated to an element on another tier “must” be associated to such an element, and association lines do not cross plus an instruction as to what pphonology do in case of a violation of the Well-formedness Condition: Later work modified many of the key properties of the autosegmental model.
Segments are depicted through vertical listings of features connected by lines. Clear examples of the usefulness of autosegmental analysis came in early work from the detailed study of African tone languagesas well as the study phonoloogy vowel and nasal harmony goldsmigh.
In the segmental tier, features are assigned to segments. Views Read Edit View history. There is a close relationship between analysis of segments into distinctive features and an autosegmental analysis; each feature in a language appears autosegmfntal exactly one tier. Environments can be shown by placing other connected sets of features around that which is the focus of the rule.
For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our Xutosegmentaland if you can’t find the answer there, please contact us. In these situations, it is necessary to include the presence of the feature, but not to specify its value.
Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. The behavior of contour tones in many languages also falls into place when the contours are broken down into sequences of level tones on an independent level or representation.
The autosegmental tier also “skeletal tier” contains the features that define the segments articulated in the phonological representation. This page was last edited on 22 Juneat The timing tier contains timing units that define the lengths of segments in the phonological representation. The rule is that a coronal nasal will assimilate to the place of the following consonant. One-to-many associations and spreading onto adjacent elements are characteristic of tone but not confined to it.
This phonllogy be done by including a placeholder feature composed of ellipses, with an indication of the type of feature. The autosegmental formalism deals with several separate linear sequences; because of this, a phonological representation is depicted on several distinct tiers.
March Learn how and when to remove this template message. It also makes it possible to concisely describe rules that apply to different environments in different ways.
Autosegmental Phonology – John A. Goldsmith – Google Books
An early sign that tones required a separate tier of representation was the phenomenon of tonal stability. For example, a generic place feature can be indicated [ These timing units are commonly depicted as X’s, and are assigned to segments.
On such a view, phonological representations consist of more than one linear sequence of segments ; each linear sequence constitutes a separate tier. The Well-Formedness Condition, at the very core of the autosegmental framework, was a rare constraint, posited nearly two pbonology before Optimality Theory.
Autosegmental Phonology – Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics
Please gldsmith or login to access full text content. Retrieved from ” https: The descriptions given in the previous section deal with the segmental tier. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The working hypothesis of autosegmental analysis is that a large part of phonological generalizations can be interpreted as a restructuring or reorganization of the autosegments in a representation.
Tones thus spread more or less automatically to segments lacking them.