Pre-Columbian jewelry. is a craft of ancestral know-how;. it is a craft that must relearn. After several years of research, Carole Fraresso based her doctoral thesis. Carole Fraresso is the author of Plumes ( avg rating, 0 ratings, 0 reviews). Estudio arqueometalúrgico de un taller de transformación de cobre y de aleaciones tumbaga en el sitio de huacas de Moche [Full text]. Published in Bulletin de.

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A Cultural Chronology for the Capital City.

In these circumstances the Lambayeque culture on the North coast arose. Manzanilla and Claude Chapdelaine, pp. Ediciones Sian, Trujillo, Peru.


The most distinctive characteristic of the Inca has been carope integration of people from diverse cultural and artistic traditions in the empire state organization. In Tiwanaku and Its Hinterland: Nazca culture looms right after 1 — AD from which the lines and figures traced in the desert still surprise today the entire world.

The extinction of the Chavin cult gave way to the emergence of state societies. Hacia el final del milenio. Conklin and Jeffrey Quilter, pp. Further South the Chincha culture developed; they organized important maritime and terrestrial exchange networks. Senri Ethnological Series This vast territory has been for a long time assimilated to the Inca civilization.

A Tribute to Michael E. The Chavin civilization — BC has developed frwresso art of lithic sculpture, ceramic and gold-smithery to flaunt the main deity images such as bird, feline, snake and sacred hybrid beings which legitimated the governors divine power. Silverman, Helaine and Donald A. In Andean Archaeologyedited by Helaine Silverman, pp.


Authors – Fraresso Carole

The Mochica culture — AD is well-known for its gold-smithery treasures, sophisticated ceramics and imposing temples built with mud-bricks; further South, Paracas culture BC — ADglobally known for its splendid textiles, funeral burden, and progressive medicine. Thanks to archaeological research, we know that during fraresso, years Peru was the creative and innovative center where important civilizations have emerged such as Caral, Paracas, Nazca, Mochica, Lambayeque and Chimu on the Peruvian coast, as well as Chavin, Huari, Tiahuanaco and Inca on the Andes side.

On this point Carole Fraresso tells us about pre-Columbian Peru as a pre-Columbian art expert-consultant and founder of the Motche Paris-Lima Maison, dedicated to goldsmithery with pieces from a rich knowledge, added to Andean traditions and identity!

Sequence, Transformations, and Chronology.

Yale University Press, New Haven. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque. The imposing architecture in Caral is the most ancient evidence that settled societies with economic, political, religious and social systems were existing.

A must see for history passionates and those who intend to travel to Peru! Consequently the power is represented by an anthropomorphic character holding in his hands staff of authority.

Kingship and Statecraft in Chimoredited by Michael E. Through its symbolic and religious dimensions, the feather played a major role in pre-Columbian societies. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.


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Latin American Antiquity 20 2: University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. Incas have integrated the gold-smithery from the North, the architecture of the central frareszo, the Altiplano farming techniques and the efficient trading system from southern people.

Thus, little by little, the feather would impose itself in the Western collective imagination as one of the emblems of the New World. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. Associated with the gods and with the founding myths, reserved for the use of caciques and warriors, the feather took on a sacred quality whose importance the first evangelists understood, diverting it to the benefit of the Christian message.

Caral embodies the mastery of agriculture in the arid valleys of the coast and became the central pillar that enabled 1, years later, the development of large ceremonial centers throughout the Andean territory; its outcome was Chavin de Huantar, in the northern Sierra.

In the Lima and Lurin valleys, the Ychma culture was holding the oracle of Pachacamac, the most important goddess of the Pacific coast.