This is a reprint of the English Translation of the Nyaya Sutras of Gautama by Mm . Dr. Ganganatha Jha, the versatile Sanskrit scholar who will ever be. Where There’s Smoke There’s Fire: Gautama’s Nyāya-Sūtra. Posted on 10 December The Nyāya-Sūtra inaugurates a tradition of logical and. Nyaya: Gautama’s Nyaya-sutra, with Vatsyayana’s commentary (Indian philosophy in its sources) [Gautama (Authority on Nyayasastra)] on *FREE*.
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Similarly, sound is non-eternal because it is cog- nised by onr sense as belonging to the genus called sound-ness.
Suppose a disputant NaiyAyika says: It differs from Pratyaksha perceptionstates the text, in using a linguistic referent and the foundation of pre-existing knowledge within the individual and what he learnt from his teachers, friends, gautam and past knowledge inherited from the wise, through a process of social cooperation.
Thus there is knowledge rather than doubt about the man ami post suggested by the tall object. All signifies substance, quality, action, generality, particularity and intimate relation.
The first kind involves matter which can be actually verified.
If you call the agent as ” mind,” you will have to invent another name to designate the instrument. If they gautams, then the senses are many. A dogma of all the schools is a tenet which is not opposed by any school and is claimed by at least one school.
You do there- by acknowledge that perception is a means of right knowledge. NySyaprakasa by Kesava Misra. The objection runs thus: Senses are five because there are five gutama.
The Nyayasutras state that one must study the means of correct knowledge and hold discussions with the learned, nuaya and unenvious fellow seekers of knowledge state sutras 4. But where there is conditionally there is no truth. Contact is not the cause because we do not per- ceive the ray.
Proposition — Sound is durable.
Full text of “The Nyaya Sutras of Gotama”
The know- ledge of water derived in this way is not perception. The Nyayasutras define and discuss Samsaya Sanskrit: To eliminate such cases the epithet non-erratic has been used. I admit this and ask how you establish the means of right knowledge itself. In it there are two points for consideration, viz. From the injunction about modification and substitute there arises doubt.
To speak the truth, the world is an absolute nothing though it has a conditional existence. The erratic is the reason which leads to gautamz conclusions than one.
The Nyayasutra defines error as knowledge, an opinion or a conclusion about something that is different from what it really is.
A wall which does not possess trans- parency can reflect nothing. Some say that there is no lack of fixity because the absence of fixity ustra is fixed. A jar, for instance, is non-eternal because we perceive it as belonging to the genus jar-ness.
Inference gives us the knowledge of an unperceived object through the knowledge of an object which is perceived. But the non- existence destruction: It is absurd to argue that because soldiers and trees are perceptible in the mass, atoms are perceptible in the mass also: Sentiments which comprise pleasure and pain are also located in the body which experiences them.
The structure of the text is, states Potter, a layout of ahnikas or lessons served into daily portions, with portion consisting of a number of sutras or aphorisms. A reliable person is one — may be a risi, Arya or mleccha, who as an expert in a certain matter is willing to communicate his experiences of it.
In it we read: Hence non-perception of the non-percep- tion leads us to nothing real. Mahamahopadhyaya Ganganatha Jha Hardcover Edition: This is subsequent non-existence.
The Nyaya-Sutras Of Gautama: With The Bhasya Of Vatsyayana And The Vartika Of Uddyotakara
This proves that the senses are many: This page was last edited on 10 Octoberat There is, says an objector, difference between a letter and its modification as there is between a substance and its modification.
Proposition — Sound is non-eternal, Erratic reason. It further proves that sound is not unalterable or eternal. Rigveda-samhita, Mandala 1, Sfikta 01, Mantra In the case of conflicting testimony there is, according To them, a strong conviction on each side.
This peculiar substratum is called ether. Customers who viewed this item also viewed. Some say that it is not true that whatever has a beginning is non- eternal. Some say that the eyes are not two: A sutra is a Sanskrit word that means “string, thread”, and represents a condensed manual of knowledge of a specific field or school.
Similarly, verbal testi- mony enables Moreover, if we do not admit a permanent soul beyond our frail body we shall be confronted by many absurdities such as ” loss of merited action ” krita hani and ” gain of unmerited action” akptabhyAgama.
If we see a river swollen we infer that there has been rain, if we see the ants carrying off their eggs, we infer that there will be rain and if we hear a peacock scream, we infer that clouds are gathering. Cowhood is a genus which underlies all cows.
Another ground for the non-eternality of sound is that it is cognised by our sense.