Slavery (Romanian: robie) existed on the territory of present-day Romania from before the ), Vasile Alecsandri also wrote a short story, Istoria unui Galbân (“History of a gold coin”, ), while Gheorghe . 99; ^ Mihail Kogălniceanu, wikisource:ro:Dezrobirea țiganilor, ștergerea privilegiilor boierești, emanciparea. Originea si istoria tiganilor: Cum au ajuns in Europa. Mihai Mircea, “Cu privire la originea si istoria tiganilor,” Revista de cercetari sociale, nr. 4/ I. Muraru, “Studii constitutionale,” Ed. Actam (Bucuresti, ).

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After gaining employment, many Gypsies abandoned their places of work as a result of their inability to adapt and of their lack of the necessary qualifications, to which should be added the hostile attitude of the Gypsies who were not employed.

Most of them were forced to abandon the occupations that had for a long time been characteristic of them and to find their place in the communist-type economy. In villages in Transylvania and the Banat that were abandoned by the ethnic Germans, many of the houses of those who had emigrated were allocated to the Gypsies of the respective locality or to Gypsies from elsewhere.

Romani people in Romania.

However, the slavery of the Roma was not considered a priority and it was ignored by most reformers. Inthe Wallachian state freed the slaves it owned and byin both principalities, all the categories of slaves had been freed. The moral and social problems posed by Roma slavery were first acknowledged during the Age of Enlightenmentfirstly by Western Sitoria visitors to the two countries.

In the case of the Gypsies, the systematisation of the towns certainly had positive consequences with regard their living conditions. Zamfir, [Bucharest], ; V. Ethnische Minderheit oder istorix Randgruppe?

Slavery in Romania – Wikipedia

We will forward your request to your library as soon as possible. The Roma slaves were not included in the tax censuses and as such, there are no reliable statistics about them, the exception being the slaves owned by the state.


In these countries also, the authorities managed only the partial integration of the Gypsies. Djuvara argues that this was because their economic patterns were at a hunter-gatherer stage.

The estates belonging to the Bran Castle also held a large number of slaves, around at the beginning of the 16th century, the right of being a slaveholder being probably inherited from the time that the castle was owned by Wallachia. Central European University Press, In the first place, these Gypsies were those who did not adapt to the new conditions. Untilthe Gypsies were refused this status in Socialist Romania.

Deportarea romilor în Transnistria – Wikipedia

The programme of social integration of the Gypsies was only partially implemented and for too short a time. There is very little available information about this programme and about the Gypsy policy applied at the end of the s and during the s. Almost everywhere in the country, the Gypsies, who as a rule had previously been housed at the edge of the locality, began to penetrate the centre of the villages. Some made a career in politics, reaching the higher echelons of the Party apparatus.

The order met the opposition of the large slaveholders: The gypsies during the communist regime. Also in large towns, a large number of Gypsies were housed in nationalised houses. Many of the “new peasants” as they were called in some documents remained to work for the estates for which they were slaves, the liberation bringing little immediate change in their life.

In the final decades of the regime, commercial occupations proliferated among the Gypsies. According to Romanian Djuvara: The sedentarisation of these Gypsies took place at the end of the s and the beginning of the s, when all of them were settled in fixed settlements and houses.

The failure of the policy to integrate the Gypsies was due not only to the way in which it was conceived and applied in Romania. The policy of the antonescu regime with regard to the gy There were numerous dysfunctional families.


The two countries were for most of their history the only territory in Eastern and Central Europe where Roma slavery was legislated, and the place where this was most extended. It can be stated that with regard to housing, urban Gypsies benefited fully from the social benefits offered by the Tiganilro regime. The programme was never made public and historians and researchers do not even have access to the archives of the period. However, they were forced to observe the partial failure of these attempts.

Deportarea romilor în Transnistria

From a town planning point of view, the destruction of these neighbourhoods was not much of a loss. The exact origins of slavery in the Danubian Principalities are not known. In towns, Gypsies were able to find work in factories. At the same time, on a statistical level of course, the gap between the Gypsies and the rest of the population has increased.

In Wallachia, Alexander Ypsilantis — banned mixed marriages in his law code, but the children resulting from such marriages were to be born free. Generally speaking, in places where the Gypsies were obliged to completely abandon their traditional occupations, their way of life, the social behaviour, their birth rate etc. Articles with Romanian-language external links Articles containing Romanian-language text All articles with vague or ambiguous time Vague or ambiguous time from August Professional reorientation, finding employment and other issues were treated as individual problems, which did not depend on the specificity of one ethnic group or another, and still less on the specificity of one or another group of Gypsies.

The years of Communism had a considerable contribution to the modernisation of the personal life of the Gypsies.