Eriugena’s contemporaries invariably refer to him as Joannes Scottus or Joannes Scottigena. In the manuscripts of the tenth and subsequent centuries the forms. The crucially important Christian mystic philosopher, translator, theologian and poet, John Scottus Eriugena (Johannes Scottus Eriugena or Scotus Erigena). Johannes Scotus Eriugena (c. –) was an Irish theologian, Neoplatonist philosopher, and poet. He is best known for translating and commenting on the.

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Human nature is distinguished by the presence of a rational soul in the person. The discovery of Dionysius had a profound effect on Eriugena’s thinking. In cosmological scouts, however, God and the creature are one and the same: Of these, the oldest and most acceptable, philologically, is Eriugena, which, as it was perhaps sometimes written Eriygena, was changed into Erigena.

Soon after completing his translation of Pseudo-Dionysius c. Copleston, A History of PhilosophyBk. Thus, eriugens kind of mystical humanism is celebrated in PeriphyseonBook Four, a humanism explicated through the dialectic of self-knowledge and ignorance.

Anselm archbishop of Canterbury, d.

If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. The original intention expressed at III. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. Relation to Other Thinkers 6. On the Division of Nature. He marks, indeed, a stage of transition from the older Platonizing philosophy to the later scholasticism.

His essence cannot be circumscribed. As examples of primordial causes Eriugena enumerates goodnesswisdom, intuition insightunderstanding, virtuegreatness, power, etc.

God shall be all in all omnia in omnibusV c. Indeed, just as no substantial good exists outside of Him, so no essenceor substance exists that is not He Eriugena recognizes that Christ is unique and that the individual is not collapsed into the universal, even in the return. His knowledge of Greek is evident from his translations, and is also proved by the poems which he wrote. Man is an animal and man is not an animal IV. The result is a body of doctrines loosely articulated, in which the mystic sctus idealistic elements predominate, and in which there is much that is irreconcilable with Catholic dogma.



Though Book IV of the Periphyseon has the appearance of a Biblical commentary, dialectic also plays a privileged role. If, johanmes the contrary, living and growing in both action [virtue] and knowledge, he is nourished by spiritual food—then he is no longer to be numbered among the beasts, but may be counted among rational creatures Eriugena was eulogized by philosopher G.

In the nineteenth century, Hegel and his followers, interested in the history of philosophy from a systematic point of view, read Eriugena rather uncritically as an absolute idealist and as the father of German idealism.

So sei Gott ohne die Welt absolut negativ. Books Four and Five contain Eriugena’s anthropology which has recently been the focus of much philosophical interest.

John Scotus Eriugena

Christ is actually what all human beings can be and will be, that is precisely the promise of salvation for Eriugena. Twomey edsDublin: Erigena was perhaps the most learned man of his time and a remarkable thinker.

Eriugena, Johannes Scottus b. Influence similarities to Jewish mystical thought In Judaism: Maximus to suggest that God and man mirror each other. The immanence of God in the world is at the same time the immanence of creatures within God.

John Scotus Erigena |

The king having asked, Quid distat inter sottum et Scottum? Thus Eriugena was forced to depart from his original plan of four books and add a fifth. In Erigena, responding to a request of Charles the Bald, began the translation of several Greek works whose study eriufena formative for the development of his thought. He is held to be made in His creatures generally because in them He, without Whom they cannot be, is not only understood to be, but also is their essence Biography Philosophy and religion Credited.


The immanence of God in the world is at the same time the immanence of creatures within God. Though the primordial causes are multiple, they remain one in the Word, and thus Eriugena denies ontological plurality. God alone is the ever-lasting Real, the eternal Reality.

John Scottus Eriugena

By going back to Platohe also revived the nominalist-realist debate. David of Dinant fl. So far as we can surmise, however, Eriugena’s orthodoxy was not at the time suspected, and a few years later he was selected by Hincmar, archbishop of Reims, to defend the doctrine of the liberty of will against the extreme predestinarianism of the monk Gottschalk Gotteschalchus.

Human self-ignorance mirrors the divine self-ignorance; human incomprehensibility mirrors divine incomprehensibility. Yet he exercised only a limited indirect influence in the Middle Ageswhere he was mostly appreciated as a translator and glossator of Dionysius.

The ideas elaborated in [his work] can be understood as a very powerful alternative to the views elaborated by Augustine and later by Aquinas. The relation of Incarnation to the rather Neoplatonic stages of return of the soul to God, let alone the overall cosmic return, is unclear. Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. A Survey of Publications —